File and Storage

In this article I show you how to handle file and storage under Windows Server 2012 R2.

Handle a new disk

You find new discs in the Server Manager under

  • File and Storage Services
  • Volumes
  • Disks

 

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

Here you find several functionality which you might know from
former versions under “Disk Management”. Disk Management is still available,
just choose

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

  • Tools

  • Computer Management

in Server Manager.

You can’t choos partition style in Server Manager. To choose
partition style use Disk Manager.

Create a virtual disk

For creating virtual disks via GUI use Disk Management.

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

A other way to create virtual disks is via the command diskpart.

Notice the difference!

  • VHD up to 2040 GB
  • VHDX up to 64 TB, can only be accessed in Windows Server
    2012 or later

Virtual disks are also shown in Server Manager under

  • File and Storage Services
  • Volumes
  • Disks

 

Storage Pools under Windows Server 2012

To create a Storage Pool go to Server Manager under

  • File and Storage Services
  • Volumes
  • Storage Pools

and click on

  • Tasks
  • New Storage Pool

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

This is the PowerShell Command for it.

NewStoragePool

First the Storage Pool is just a pool of one or more disks. Things get
interesting if you create a pool with at least two disks.

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

If you create a New Virtual Disk afterwards creating the storage
pool…

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

…you get the following options:

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

Let Windows explain the types:

Simple

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

Mirror

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

Parity

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

As in former versions you can create RAID Volumes (quiet
similiar to Mirror or Parity Virtual Disks) in Computermanagement – Disk
Management.

Storage Pool are more flexilbel than volumes. You can I. E. add
more disks later.

Sharing Files

Sharing files the traditional way

You can share files the traditional way…

  • Right click on the folder to share

  • Click on Advanced Sharing

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

Sharing files with Server Manager

…or you use Server Manager

Be shure to have the roles

  • File Server

  • Server for NFS

under File and Storage Services installed.

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

To share a folder within Server Manager choose

  • File and Storage Services

  • Shares

  • Tasks

  • New Share

You see the following screen

Files and Storage under Windows Server 2012

As you might no you ca do NFS shares in Windows Server 2012. SMB
Quick and NFS Quick are for quick konfiguration. The Advanced features are for
further settings, i.e. Quoatas.

You need to have “File Server Resource Manager” Role installed
for Advanced Features.

You need to have “Server for NFS” installed for making NFS
shares.

Access-based enumeration

I think “access-baed enumeration” is a intersting feature. With
this option enabled users see only the files, to which they have access.

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