Category Archives: Windows Server 2012 R2

Microsoft Exam 70-410 – Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012

Go here to the original Microsoft Description of this exam.

Here is a short abstract of what you schould now for this exam taken from the above mentioned site-

Install and configure servers (15–20%)

  • Install servers
  • Configure Servers, Server Core
  • Configure local storage

Configure server roles and features (15–20%)

  • Configure file and share access
  • Configure print and document services (Easy print driver!)
  • Configure servers for remote management (WinRM, server management)

Configure Hyper-V (15–20%)

  • Create and configure virtual machine settings
  • Create and configure virtual machine storage
  • Create and configure virtual networks

Deploy and configure core network services (15–20%)

  • Configure IPv4 and IPv6 addressing (DHCP)
  • Deploy and configure DNS service

Install and administer Active Directory (15–20%)

  • Install domain controllers
  • Create and manage Active Directory users and computers
  • Create and manage Active Directory groups and organizational units (OUs)

Create and manage Group Policy (15–20%)

  • Create Group Policy objects (GPOs)
  • Configure security policies
  • Configure application restriction policies
  • Configure rules for multiple profiles using Group Policy

Wondering which questions may come?

There are a lot of example questions in the official training books. Normally
they have not much to do with the question that have to be answered in reality.
So
remember, only real knowledege will help you in work.

Prepratation

A good posibility are the microsoft book.

70-413 – what is in it?

 

Plan and deploy a server infrastructure (20–25%)

  • Design an automated server installation strategy
  • Plan and implement a server deployment infrastructure
  • Plan and implement server upgrade and migration
  • Plan and deploy Virtual Machine Manager services
  • Plan and implement file and storage services
  • Planning considerations include iSCSI SANs, Fibre Channel SANs, Virtual
    Fibre Channel, storage spaces, storage pools, and data de-duplication;
    configure the iSCSI Targetserver; configure the Internet Storage Name server
    (iSNS); configure Network File System (NFS); install Device Specific Modules
    (DSMs)

Design and implement network infrastructure services (20–25%)

  • Design and maintain a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
    solution
  • Design a name resolution solution strategy
  • Design and manage an IP address management solution

Design and implement network access services (15–20%)

  • Design a VPN solution
  • Design a DirectAccess solution
  • Implement a scalable remote access solution
  • Design a network protection solution
  • Implement a network protection solution

Design and implement an Active Directory infrastructure (logical) (20–25%)

  • Design a forest and domain infrastructure
  • Implement a forest and domain infrastructure
  • Design a Group Policy strategy
  • Design an Active Directory permission model

Design and implement an Active Directory infrastructure (physical) (20–25%)

  • Design an Active Directory sites topology
  • Design a domain controller strategy
  • Design and implement a branch office infrastructure

Taken from
http://www.microsoft.com/learning/en-us/exam-70-413.aspx

Example Questions to the topic of 70-410

Some of the questions based of questions from the the  book:


Which server features and roles require the graphical shell?

I. E.

  • Fax Server
  • Remote Desktop Session Host
  • Windows Deployment Services
  • Internet Printing user interface
  • Event Viewer
  • Windows Firewall

What is the TCP Chimney Offload Feature?

TCP Chimney Offload Feature allows moving the workload of handling TCP/IP
Connection from the CPU to the NIC. This feature enables the networking
subsystem to offload the processing of a TCP/IP connection from the computer’s
processors to its network adapter as long as the adapter supports TCP/IP offload
processing.

There are some commands available for handling it:

netsh int tcp set global chimney=automatic

to set automatic mode

netsh int tcp set global chimney=enabled

to set enabled mode

netsh int tcp set global chimney=default

to set the mode to the operating system default

netsh int tcp set global chimney=disabled

to disable TCP Chimney Offload

netsh int tcp show global

to see the current status

How would you use a PowerShell command to disable the Server Graphical Shell and remove its source files from the WinSxS directory?

Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Shell -Remove

What PowerShell command could you use to convert the full GUI installation to Server Core?

Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra,Server-Gui-Shell –Restart

What PowerShell command could you use to remove the GUI installation files completelyfrom the Server?

Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra,Server-Gui-Shell –Remove

Name examples for infrastructure services and application services.

  • DNS and DHCP are infrastructure services
  • Web Server and Remote Desktop Services are application services.

Which of the following is a valid upgrade path to Windows Server 2012?

  • Windows Server 2008 Standard to Windows Server 2012 Standard

Which of the following are no valid upgrade paths to Windows Server 2012?

  • Windows Server 2003 Standard to Windows Server 2012 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 32-bit to Windows Server 2012 64-bit
  • Windows 7 Ultimate to Windows Server 2012 Essentials

Which feature must you add to a Windows Server 2012 Server Core installation to convert it to the Minimal Server Interface?

Correct Answer is "Graphical Management Tools and Infrastructure". These
makes me struggling all the time. A other Option is "Serer Graphical Shell" which leads to the Full GUI.

What is the name of the directory where Windows stores all of the operating system modules it might need to install at a later time?

WinSxs. It can be very large 🙁

Which of the following is not true?

A. A Server Core installation can be converted to the full GUI without
reinstalling the operating system.
B. The PowerShell 3.0 interface in Windows Server 2012 includes more than 10
times as many cmdlets as PowerShell 2.0
C. The new Server Manager in Windows Server 2012 makes it far easier to
administer servers remotely.
D. A Windows Server 2012 Server Core license costs significantly less than a
full GUI license

D is wrong. If you are struggling you may be thinking of the free
Hyper-V-Server, which has the Core interface. But that is not the question.

Name the powershell-command to see a detailed list of the current state of role and features

get-windowsfeature 

How would you install Network Load Balancing using Powershell?

install-windowsfeature nlb -includeallsubfeature -includemanagementtools

What is DISM

Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM.exe) is a command-line tool
that can be used to service a Windows image or to prepare a Windows
Preinstallation Environment  image.

How would you mount the Server 2012 install media to use as a source for installing binaries(payloads)?

The questions means, that you have previously removed something with the -Remove
Switch. So if you now wan’t to reinstall, you have to have some things in mind.

1. Insert media. Create a folder to mount the installation image. I. E.
mkdir c:mountdir

2. Locate the index number of the image you want.

dism /get-wiminfo /wimfile:d:sourcesinstall.wim

(Assuming D: is the letter of your installation image)

3. Mount the installation image by entering the follwing command:

dism /mount-wim /wimfile:d:sourcesinstall.wim /index:2 /mountdir:c:mountdir 
/readonly

(in this example the index-number of the previous step is 2)

4. Use the Install-WindowsFeature at the Powershell prompt with the source
specified as c:mountdirwindowswinsxs

install-windowsfeature -name ad-domain-services -includeallsubfeatures -source c:mountdirwindowswinsxs

Wondering who will uses this. Me too 🙂 I think I leave it all in the
default winsxs. Perhaps it is worth a view when handling with SSDs.

Here I found an article with more information:

Adding or removing features with Powershell (or Dism)

Which Group Policy setting is used to control whether Windows Update is used to restore payloads and to provide alternate sources?

Computer ConfigurationAdministrative TemplatesSystemSpecify Settings For
Optional Component Installation and Component Repair

Which Group Policy setting is used to control whether Windows Update is used to restore payloads and to provide alternate sources?

What are the benefits of Active Directory Integrated Zones?

  • Multimaster Replication
  • Streamline Data Replication
  • Secure Dynamic Updates
  • Backwards compatible to Secondary Zones

What would be the syntax to connect remotely to a server named LABDC2012 using a PowerShell session?

enter-pssession LABDC2012 -credential domainadministrator

What would be the syntax to connect remotely to a server named LABDC2012 using a PowerShell session?




What are the following ports used for?

21FTP
23TELNET
135DCOM, Remote Procedure Call
445SMB over TCP/IP
3260iSCSI
3269Active Directory Global Catalog server
5985Remote Management

What are the differences between the 4 Server 2012 editions?

EditionPurposeFeaturesPOSE InstancesVOSE InstancesRetailVolume LicensingOEMLicensingRAM-Limit
Windows Server 2012 FoundationSmall companies, which do not want to use virtualization technology and only need basic funtionalityBasic server functionality. No virtualization.10NoNoYesServer which is limited to 15 user accounts32 GB RAM
Windows Server 2012 EssentialsSmall companiesEasy GUI, some prededfined connectivity to Microsoft cloud solutions. No virtualization, but can be runed virtualizised.1 (POSE or VOSE)1 (POSE or VOSE)YesYesYesServer which is limited to 25 user accounts64 GB RAM
Windwos Server 2012 StandardCompanies which want to use a “little” virtualizationComplete functionality with two virtual instances12YesYesYesServer & cal needed4 TB RAM
Windows Server 2012 DatacenterHigh virtualizised private & hybrid cloudComplete functionality with any virtual instances1UnlimitedNoYesYesServer & cal needed4 TB RAM

Configure NIC-Teaming with Powershell

Get-NetAdapter

Get a list of network interfaces

New-NetlbfoTeam

Start the creation process an follow the questions of the command

Here I found a article with more information:

http://thehyperadvisor.com/2012/12/21/configuring-nic-teaming-in-powershell-on-windows-server-2012

Service CatTools should depend on Services LanmanWorkstation, TCPIP and WMI services. How would you add this on command line?

sc config "CatTools" depend=LanmanWorkstation/TCPIP/WMI

To remove the dependencies:

sc config "CatTools" depend= none

Here I found a article with more information:

http://www.kiwisyslog.com/help/cattools/index.html?appserv_howtoaddservdepends.htm

How would you create a virtual hard disk that is supported by iSCSI Software Target using Powershell?

New-IscsiVirtualDisk -Path c:testLUN1.vhd -Size 1GB

Here I found a article with more information:

http://www.lazywinadmin.com/2013/07/create-iscsi-target-using-powershell-on.html

What does the following cmdlet do? Enable-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName "Network Discovery"

Enables a previously disabled firewall rule.

What is Always Offline Mode? How do you enable it?

Always Offline mode provides faster access to cached files and
redirected folders. Always Offline also provides lower bandwidth usage because
users are always working offline, even when they are connected through a
high-speed network connection.

To enable the Always Offline mode, your environment must meet
the following prerequisites.

  • An Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domain, with
    client computers joined to the domain. There are no forest or domain
    functional-level requirements or schema requirements.

  • Client computers running Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012.

  • A computer with Group Policy Management installed.

Use Group Policy to enable the Configure slow-link mode policy
setting and set the latency to 1 (millisecond). Doing so causes client computers
running Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 to automatically use the Always Offline
mode.

Here is the technet article:

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh968298.aspx

What is Always Offline Mode? How do you enable it?

The Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) is missing. What should you do?

In the Quick Start display, click Add
roles and features . Follow the Add roles and features wizard to add the Group
Policy Management feature. Click Install.

What do you have to do to allow a MMC snap-in to connect to a core server?

First, run

Enable-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup "Remote Administration"

What can you do if you have to give a user group a higher priority to a printer as a other group?

This is a very old question, which I had in Windows Server 2000
Exam. Because that you can set only one priority to a printer, you have to
install two printers for the same printer and change the priority and securtiy
settings as needed.

What are Remote Server Administration Tools?

Remote Server Administration Tool are needed, when you like to
manage a server from a remote station.

Here is a video from davidstrom2007 which shows the basics

 

 

Manage a
Server Core Server

What are the Software Requirements when managing Manage Multiple, Remote Servers with Server Manager?

To manage servers with Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008
R2, or Windows Server 2008 by using Server Manager in Windows Server 2012 R2,
apply the following updates to the older operating systems.

  • NET Framework 4.5

  • Windows Management Framework 4.0

  • The performance update associated with Knowledge Base
    article 2682011 allows Server Manager to collect performance data from
    Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. This performance update is
    not necessary on servers that are running Windows Server 2012.

Manage
Multiple, Remote Servers with Server Manager

 

Related Sites / Articles


http://www.cram.com/cards/server-2012-70-410-2441828

What’s new in Windows Server 2012 R2?

The days are over when a server operating system lasts four years (and more).But a new release just nine months after the old is challenging me. OK I am one of the older IT pros.  

Prerelease versions can be downloaded here at Microsoft.

At the first glance not much has changed – except for the start button.As with Windows 8.1 it doesnt lead to the start menu. Sorry 😉 The only thing you get is the mordern ui.

Windows Server 2012 R2 surface

Much new regards the cloud. Access to cloud services is easier and safer. Work Folders promise a central repository for a variety of devices to be.

What is new for the non cloud user like me?

  • NIC teaming has been improved and now works at the packet level
  • Message Analyzer provides a graphical interface for analysis of network traffic
  • Automated tiering storage move frequently needed data independently on faster memory such as SSD
  • Mobile device management with Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager 2012 R2 and Windows Intune
  • Office 365 connectivity with Windows Azure Active Directory
  • Automatic activation possible (interesting with the use of Datacenter Edition)

Windows Azure

Some very basic thoughts to Windows Azure…

Windows Azure is

  • SAAS – Software in cloud – i. e. Office 365
  • PAAS – Platform in cloud – for developer Application
  • IAAS – Infrastructure as a service – AD, DNS, IIS, …

Synchronisation

Considerations must be made of the sync. Dirsync.exe can be used to sync the local environment with Azure and copy user, groups and passwords. But you should prefer to establish a real real DC in Azure and do regulary synchronisation. Your local environment will be connected to Azure via VPN.

  • Set up Azzure Account
  • Configure Network
  • Add VMS
  • Configure sites
  • Use DHCP (Azure has very long lease-times)
  • Add VMS (DC, DNS – point to corporate DNS – take care to use non cached Disk for NTDS)

Windows Server 2012 R2 basic configuration

start sconfig
Windows Server 2012 R2 basic configuration
  • Configure  Computer Name with Option 2
  • Configure Network Adapter with Option 8

Windows Server 2012 R2 basic configuration

  • You have to choose the correct NIC-adapter

  • Follow the displayed options to change the necessary options

For NIC-Settings via CLI you could also use the command

netsh

Do not mix it up with net (i. e. connect shares) ore netdom
(Domain Join). This could be a 70-410 topic.

 

 

  • Choose the correct Domain with Option 1

For joining a server into a Domain you could also use the
command

netdom

Do not mix it up with net (i. e. connect shares) ore netsh (nic-settings).
This could be a 70-410 topic.

 

  • If anything goes wrong you can have a look at the eventlogs
    with

 

What’s new in Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V?

What is new in Windows Server 2012 R2 concerning to Hyper-V?

  • New VMs of the second generation, called Gen2 VM. Gen1 VM actually have a very old hardware.Gen2 VMs booting faster, and the operating systems can install quicker. You use UEFI boot from virtual SCSI drives or network. Posssible guest operating systems are only Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8 or higher (64 bits each). A change or a migration from Gen1 to Gen2 VM-VM is not possible. Gen1 VM are still supported in Windows Server 2012 R2.
  • Access to machines is now also possible without a network connection (Enhanced VM Interaction), clipboard, file exchange
  • Live migration has been significantly accelerated by different techniques (data compression, RDMA and SMB Multichannel)
  • VMs in VHDX format allow you to change the size now in operation. This only works for drives that are attached to a virtual SCSI controller.
  • A VM can be exported without shutdown
  • Hyper-V Replica (running machine in duplicate external data center) now offers three different intervals: 30 seconds, 5 minutes or 15 minutes. In addition, several replications can be set (eg host 1 to host 2 to host 3 – so-called extended replication).
  • Shared noting live migration from 2012-2012 R2 is possible (for migration scenarios)
  • Linux gets dynamic  memory, online memory, online VHDX resize and new graphics drivers
  • Storage QOS: bandwidth for storage is more effectively distributed. VMs that require a lot of bandwidth, can not consume the whole bandwidth with Storage QOS enabled. A minimum bandwidth can be defined. Basic unit in MS is IOPS. IOPS are 8K by default.
  • Guest clustering with shared virtualDisk: eg SQL hereby can get access to the same cluster VHDx. Both machines can obtain the VHDX via a virtual SAS interface connected.
  • SMB direct: Machine data can be transmitted via SMB. Several NICs may be used simultaneously. SMB Direct cards are also supported . SMB over RDMA provides high performance.
  • Snapshots are now called checkpoints
  • Virtual machines can be migrated to Azure
  • A newly installed server with normal GUI and the Hyper-V role requires approximately 12 GB of space
  • Nested Virtualization – eg Hyper-V Server on Hyper-V server is still not working. I would love to have it for lab or demo. But there aren not enough requests for it that Microsoft will implement it.
  • An ISO file can not still integrate over the network. Why not? Wan’t to have all my isos in one place on a server!

The VM-generation selection in Windows Server 2012 R2

The VM-generation selection in Windows Server 2012 R2

Memory choices in Windows Server 2012 R2

Dynamic or static RAM allocation? Windows Server 2012 R2

Display the VM generation in Hyper-V Manager

Display the VM generation in Hyper-V Manager

Features a Gen1 VM Hyper-V Manager

A Gen1 VM in Hyper-V Manager – looks familiar

Properties of a Gen2 VM in Hyper-V Manager

Properties of a Gen2 VM in Hyper-V Manager – not quite as before – IDE, legacy, legacy BIOS completely missing…